Three of China’s largest cities plan to limit the pool of drivers for online ride-sharing services, dealing a blow to Didi Chuxing, the firm that agreed to acquire the Chinese business of Uber Technologies Inc.

Draft rules issued by Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen on Saturday said that only holders of local residency permits — called hukou — would be able to apply for permits to be drivers for private car-hailing services.

Less than 3 percent of 410,000 drivers on Didi’s platform in Shanghai have local hukou, the company said on Saturday. Plans for tighter vehicle standards — including specifying a minimum wheelbase width — would rule out more than 80 percent of the service’s cars in the city, Didi said.

“These proposals would likely mean a sharp drop in market supply of ride-sharing vehicles, a significant decrease in the number of drivers and a steep rise in costs,” Didi said in a statement. “We call for local authorities to create a more enabling and friendly environment for new technology developments in the sharing economy.”

The cities asked for feedback on the planned rules in coming weeks.

In July, the central government gave a legal green light for online car-hailing services. In August, Didi agreed to acquire Uber’s business to form the largest platform in the country.

To contact the reporter on this story: Lulu Yilun Chen in Hong Kong at To contact the editors responsible for this story: Stanley James at, Paul Panckhurst, John McCluskey

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Photo Credit: Several Chinese cities, including Shanghai, are taking steps to limit the number of ride-sharing cars -- and drivers -- on the road. Pictured is Shanghai traffic on May 29, 2010. Carlos ZGZ /