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Geopolitics play a large role in mapping worldwide, but this relatively small case is an example of the factors including safety, pride, and accuracy that are involved in such instances.

Google has reportedly removed the word “favela” from some of its maps of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil after pressure from the city hall and tourist boards.

Hundreds of the shanty-town communities sprawl over the hillsides and in undeveloped parts of the city, and were previously identified on maps using the Portuguese word favela.

In recent years, safety in favelas has improved as police have taken control away from drug gangs though criminal organisations still maintain a hold on some of the slums.

But since 2009, the Mayor of Rio and tourism company Riotur have campaigned to have the word removed from the maps to reduce the prominence given to the communities.

They argued that favelas with only a small number of inhabitants were given greater importance on the maps than conventional neighbourhoods such as Cosme Velho and Humaita.

In response, Google has apparently removed the word “favela” from some of the areas such as Favela Sumaré and Favela Morro do Chacrinha in the north of the city.

But critics have argued that the move undermines legitimate communities as well as posing a risk that tourists may unwittingly enter an unpacified favela.

Images comparing Google maps from 2011 to 2013 show that some favelas are now described using the word “morro” or “hill”.

Rio’s Popular Committee, which campaigns against violence, abuses and exploitation linked to the World Cup and Olympics, said: “The virtual removal is part of a city project that tries to hide poverty and the poor as much in virtual environments as in reality, with forced removals.”

Another commenter added: “I trust Google Maps to plan my itinerary; I’m going to end up going through a dangerous place because the City Hall thinks it’s okay to hide information that it is a dangerous area.”

In some areas, the word “favela” remains, such as in the case of Favela do Vidigal near the affluent area of Leblon and Ipanema. But it has been removed from one the south zone’s largest favelas, Rocinha, and Cantagalo favela is now known as “Morro do Cantagalo”.

Google declined to comment on the changes, telling Brazilian newspaper Estadao it “did not disclose the particulars of discussions with partners”.

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Tags: google, maps, rio

Photo credit: The Leblon and Ipanema neighborhoods, and Ipanema Beach are seen from Casa Alto Vidigal, a hostel owned by Austrian-born Andreas Wielend at the top of favela Vidigal in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Chloe Elmer / Penn State University

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