Words as a means to define problems and trigger solutions are important. The label overtourism crystalizes a problem and serves as a call to action. We'd agree that a lack of capacity management is a big part of the problem, but the latter characterization hardly spurs the urgency the issue requires.
Is overtourism the big problem in destinations from Thailand to Bali where locals vie with tourists for elbow room in their own communities and have to deal with endless traffic jams and mounds of garbage?
Not so much, in the majority of cases, argued Mario Hardy, the CEO of the Pacific Asia Travel Association, who said the issue isn’t too many tourists, but instead poor tourism management.
In an interview with Skift at the association’s 2018 travel mart in Langkawi, Malaysia, Hardy said the problem mostly is “poor management of tourism product offerings.” He prefers to identify the issue as “the disproportionate growth of tourism,” or the challenge of tourism dispersal.
These don’t exactly roll off the tongue.
To the communities being overrun with hordes of often-unruly vacationers, beer cans or selfie sticks in hand, the various labels, including overtourism or “the disproportionate growth of tourism” may be a distinction without much of a difference.
Either way, communities and countries need to grab hold of their tourism and quality of life destinies.
Hardy said destinations need to push tourists beyond the bucket-list spots, and use everything from local artists and technology to transform and revitalize neighborhoods and attractions. And push tourists to less-visited locales.
He pointed, for example, to Thailand, which is marketing 24 hidden gems beyond the popular destinations, and has experienced tourism growth at these attractions. Hardy added that Indonesia has thousands of beautiful islands despite the fact that “most people only know Bali.”
On a personal note, Hardy said the overtourism problem — well, the tourism dispersal issue, that is — hit home when family members visited him in Thailand in 2014, and asked that he take them to Cambodia’s Angkor Wat. He took them to the renowned temple, which attracted some 2.5 million visitors in 2017, according to ticket seller Angkor Enterprise, and then later Hardy led his family to another UNESCO World Heritage site, a couple of hours away, where there were only about six tourists at the time.
Hardy said the monks at the nearby site — he was most likely referring to Sambor Prei Kuk in Kampung Thom province — told him they hadn’t seen any foreign tourists for months.
In 2015 and 2016, the Pacific Asia Travel Association teamed with TripAdvisor to give awards to destinations that have compelling stories to tell about their unique tourism qualities. Each destination received what was valued at $500,000 in the form of a TripAdvisor-assisted digital marketing campaign.
In 2015, the winners were Albay province in the Philippines, and Thekkady in the Kerala state of India. The following year, Southern Laos and Meishan, Sichuan, China, won the awards.
Turning to other important regional — and international issues — Hardy said he would be against a boycott of Myanmar despite the government’s genocide against the Rohingya people.
“I think what’s happening in Myanmar is terrible,” Hardy said. “The world is watching and nobody is doing anything, which is really a concern for all of us. But as mainly a trade organization, our involvement or influence in that area is kind of limited.”
Hardy said he opposes travel boycotts in general as being harmful to locals.
“One thing I could say is the worst thing we could do is actually tell people to stop traveling to Myanmar because the local people need the income,” Hardy argued. “If we stop traveling, we are not affecting the government. It would be the local people (that get harmed) and they don’t deserve that.”
There have been sporadic calls for a Myanmar boycott, though. One has to wonder at what point does a line get crossed where extreme measures must be considered? There’s certainly room for debate on the issue.
Hardy said heads of states in the region, as well as the United Nations, need to get together and put more pressure on the Myanmar government.
On other pressing issues in Asia-Pacific, Hardy said the Pacific Asia Travel Association will be working the International Air Transport Association to stem the rise in sex-trafficking, and will be undertaking initiatives to curb food waste at hotels and convention centers, and the adverse environmental impact of plastics.
With 1.8 billion international tourists expected to cross national borders by 2030, according to the United Nations World Tourism Organization, overtourism solutions will clearly have to be addressed at a more rigorous level than is the current norm.
Hardy pointed out this international tourist forecast of nearly 2 billion visitors worldwide doesn’t even take into account massive domestic tourism markets in countries such as India and China.
These are sobering considerations not only for the Pacific Asia Travel Association, but also for tourism brands and leaders around the world.
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Photo credit: In this April 15, 2016 photo, tourists walk at Banteay Srey temple of Angkor complex, in Siem Reap province, about 320 kilometers (199 miles) north of Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Visitors who dress immodestly will not be allowed to enter Cambodia's famed Angkor temple complex, the agency that oversees the site said July 7, 2016. 188118 / 188118