Asia’s marquee airlines are warning tougher competition is squeezing them.

Singapore Airlines Ltd. said Thursday passenger yields — a key measure of profitability in the industry — remain under pressure amid “aggressive capacity injection.” Yields declined to their lowest in more than six years in the first quarter. Earlier this month, Ivan Chu, chief executive officer of Cathay Pacific Airways Ltd., which dominates the Hong Kong financial hub, said there is “intense pressure” on the metric.

The expansion of the Middle East’s ‘Big Three’ — Emirates, Etihad Airways and Qatar Airways — and an unprecedented surge by budget airlines in the region is hurting the pricing power of Asian carriers. Singapore Air CEO Goh Choon Phong and his Cathay counterpart Chu have ordered some $20 billion in new aircraft to modernize their fleet and take on their competitors who are offering luxuries like on-board shower and butlers.

“Yields will continue to erode for many quarters to come,” said Shukor Yusof, founder of aviation consulting firm Endau Analytics in Malaysia. “We are still in the downside of the cycle, especially for the premium sector. There is still some overcapacity in the market.”

Singapore Air — the only Asian airline to have flown the Concorde and first in the world to fly the A380 superjumbo — Thursday reported first-quarter profit almost tripled as lower oil prices reduced costs and the company benefited from the sale of a stake by its subsidiary. Net income jumped to S$256.6 million ($190 million) in the three months ended in June even as sales declined 2.1 percent to S$3.6 billion.

Yields, or the revenue earned from a passenger for flying a kilometer, was 10.3 Singapore cents in the quarter ended in June, compared with 10.7 Singapore cents in the same quarter a year earlier.

“The business outlook for the parent airline company remains challenging amid economic weakness and geopolitical concerns in some markets,” Singapore Air said in the statement. “Competition remains intense with aggressive capacity injection, and yields will continue to remain under pressure. Yields will be further diluted if key revenue-generating currencies depreciate against the Singapore dollar.”

Shares of Singapore Air rose 0.7 percent to close at S$11.20 before the earnings announcement.

Cathay Pacific, which is due to detail first-half earnings next month, is projected to report a net income of HK$5.13 billion ($661 million) for the year, according to the average estimate of 17 analysts compiled by Bloomberg. Last year, the carrier had a net profit of HK$6 billion.

Singapore Air’s first-quarter numbers benefited from an increase in passenger numbers as economic growth from China to Southeast Asia to India allowed more people to travel for work and leisure. CEO Goh took over low-fare subsidiary Tiger Airways to integrate with long-haul budget airline Scoot.

Singapore Air carried 4.63 million passengers at its main airline in the fiscal first quarter, 1.3 percent more than the 4.57 million a year earlier. It filled 75.8 percent of seats, compared with 76.3 percent a year earlier.

A more than 50 percent decline in oil prices in the past two years has helped reduce costs for most airlines, whose single biggest expense is fuel.

India, Australia

Singapore Air needs new passengers to stem a slide in earnings. The carrier is counting on cabin comforts to lure higher-end passengers used to its fully flat beds as well as more price-conscious customers.

The carrier has been looking to build alliances abroad as part of a multi-hub strategy. It partnered with India’s Tata Group to start Vistara in January 2015 and owns about 23 percent of Virgin Australia Holdings Ltd. The company’s Scoot unit also teamed up with Nok Airlines Pcl of Thailand to set up NokScoot.

Singapore Air started flying its Airbus Group SE 253-seat A350 aircraft to Amsterdam from May 9. The carrier will receive the ultra-long-range version of the plane in 2018 for services to New York, which will become the world’s longest non-stop flight.

To contact the reporter on this story: Kyunghee Park in Singapore at To contact the editors responsible for this story: Anand Krishnamoorthy at, Sam Nagarajan

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This article was written by Kyunghee Park from Bloomberg and was legally licensed through the NewsCred publisher network.

Photo Credit: Net income at Singapore Airlines increased for the June quarter, but there are signs the carrier's business could soon falter. Vivek Prakash / Reuters