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From mobile apps to automated passport control kiosks and separate lanes for visitors who only arrive with carry-on bags, the U.S. federal government has abundant plans to overhaul the international arrivals crunch and meet the U.S. goal of welcoming 100 million international travelers by 2021.

Last week the departments of both Homeland Security and Commerce released a report outlining a plan targeting tech upgrades needed at the 17 U.S. airports that collectively account for nearly three quarters of all international arrivals to the U.S.

The plan involves piloting and deploying mobile passport control systems that enable passengers to use an app to fill out Customs and Border Protection declaration forms in-flight or upon landing, and installing automated passport control kiosks at these airports and adding more to those already using them.

Airports installing the 340 automatic passport control kiosks, which are geared to reduce wait times by as much as 30%, will get their share of aid from $20 million generated via  public-private partnerships.

The mobile passport control system for smartphones will roll out at 20 airports, including include Hartsfied-Jackson Atlanta International, Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International, Miami International, Orlando International, San Francisco International, Seattle-Tacoma International and Washington Dulles,  by the end of 2016.

The plan also creates a joint task force among the two government agencies examining international travelers’ thoughts on their arrivals experience in the U.S.

Other Tech to Watch for

In addition to the kiosks and mobile passport control system, some airports will pilot and install new tech meant to improve other segments of the airport experience. Dallas/Forth Worth International Airport, for example, plans on creating a mobile app for helping international passengers understand customs instructions in their own languages.

JFK will pilot a new international bag transfer program. Orlando International Airport will pilot a process involving scanning bags when they’re unloaded from aircraft and tracking them until they arrive at baggage claim areas, providing information useful to both international and domestic travelers.

A few airports will pilot and assess the CBP’s OneStop program, which provides separate customs lanes in passport control for international travelers arriving with only carry-on baggage to be processed through separate and expedited customs lanes.

Starting in July, Boston Logan International Airport will analyze the feasibility of the OneStop program and could implement it as early as December 2016 and JFK Airport will also implement the program in April.

The report builds off President Obama’s calls to expedite and improve the international arrivals process as part of his 2012 “National Travel and Tourism Strategy” in 2012.

Last year, an estimated 88.3 million international visitors to the U.S., spent about $222 billion in the country.

The Significant Goals During 2015/2016 at 17 U.S. Airports With Most International Arrivals

AirportSignificant Goals for 2015/2016Implementation, Pilot or ResearchStart/Completion Date
Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International AirportPilot MPCPilotStarted August 2014
Boston Logan International AirportConducted assessment of APC kiosksResearchStart July 2015
Analyze feasability of OneStop programResearchStart July 2015
Implement OneStop program, if feasibleImplementationCompleted December 2016
Install 20 new APC kiosksImplementationCompleted February 2015
Chicago O’Hare International AirportInstall new Global Entry kiosksImplementationCompleted April 2015
Install 18 new APC kiosks in Terminal 5ImplementationCompleted February 2015
Implement Phase 4 of APC kiosksImplementationCompleted September 2016
Dallas/Fort Worth International AirportCreate mobile app for assisting passengers in their own languagesImplementationCompleted December 2016
Detroit Metropolitan AirportAdd new signageImplementationCompleted December 2016
Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International AirportDeploy MPCImplementationCompleted September 2015
Develop Phase 4 of APC kiosksResearchStart October 2015
George Bush Intercontinental Airport (Houston)Improve baggage delivery timesImplementationCompleted December 2015
Honolulu International AirportInstall 48 APC kiosksImplemenationCompleted June 2015
New York JFK International AirportImplement OneStop programImplementationCompleted April 2015
Implement international to intermational baggage transfer pilotImplementationCompleted March 2015
Los Angeles International AirportRe-evaluate electronic signageResearchStart February 2015
Miami International AirportIncrease number of APC kiosks and deploy MPCImplementationCompleted April 2015
Start Air Baggage Egress PilotPilotStart June 2015
Newark Liberty International AirportImplement APC kiosks in Terminal BImplementationCompleted January 2016
Orlando International AirportDevelop Phase 4 of APC kiosksResearchStart October 2015
Deploy MPCImplementationCompleted September 2015
Develop pilot to scan baggage upon unloading from aircraft to deliverty to baggage areaResearchStart August 2015
Philadelphia International AirportImplement APC kiosks for visa passengersImplementationCompleted August 2015
San Francisco International AirportImplement MPCImplementationCompleted December 2015
Install 40 APC kiosks in Terminals A and GImplementationCompleted July 2015
Seattle-Tacoma International AirportImplement MPCImplementationCompleted March 2015
Washington Dulles International AirportImplement APCs with capability for lawful permanent residentsImplementationCompleted August 2015
Deploy MPCImplementationCompleted December 2015
Implement APCs with capability for visa passengersImplementationCompleted March 2016

Note: Phase 4 allows travelers of any nationality to use the APC kiosks.

Source: U.S. Customs and Border Protection

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Photo Credit: A CBP officer provides training to an enrollee with the use of a Global Entry kiosk located at the Ronald Reagan building in Washington, D.C. The CBP has also reduced wait times at JFK through use of kiosks. Josh Denmark / CBP