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Cathay Pacific Airways revealed on Tuesday the Hong Kong government will lead a recapitalisation plan worth $5 billion to help it through the coronavirus pandemic, the latest public rescue for a troubled airline.
Governments around the world have been bailing out airlines amid a plunge in travel demand, and in some cases such as Germany’s Lufthansa, they are taking direct equity stakes.
For Cathay, government intervention followed the double blows of political unrest in Hong Kong last year and the coronavirus which was costing it about $387 million a month in lost passenger revenue.
It has grounded most of its planes, flying only cargo and a skeleton passenger network to major destinations such as Beijing, Los Angeles, Sydney and Tokyo.
Just like Singapore Airlines, which received an up to $10.1 billion rescue package led by state-investor Temasek Holdings, Cathay has no domestic market to rely on to cushion against the plunge in international travel.
“Hong Kong needs to protect its position as a hub given all the investment in expanding Hong Kong International Airport and the competitive landscape following Singapore’s big move over two months ago,” independent aviation analyst Brendan Sobie said.
Under the rescue plan announced by Cathay on Tuesday, the Hong Kong government would be issued $2.5 billion of preference shares giving it a 6 percent stake, and $251 million of warrants.
It would also provide a $1 billion bridging loan and would have the right to two observers at board meetings, Cathay said in a statement.
The deal includes a $1.5 billion rights issue to existing shareholders, led by Swire Pacific Ltd and Air China, which had halted trading on Tuesday morning alongside Cathay, pending the announcement.
Swire, which holds 45 percent, Air China which owns 30 percent and Qatar Airways with 10 percent plan to participate in the rights issue, Cathay said. Their holdings will fall to 42 percent, 28 percent and 9.4 percent afterward.
Bocom International analyst Luya You said the combined package would provide more than enough funding for Cathay to survive the rest of 2020.
“A recapitalisation plan of this size bodes well for Cathay’s long-term future,” she said. “Big airlines with sufficient liquidity can actually gain significant market share immediately post-Covid-19.”
Cathay said on Tuesday a fall in passenger revenue to only 1 percent of the previous year’s levels meant the airline had been losing cash at a rate of $322 million to $387 million per month since February.
Cathay has furloughed some pilots at overseas bases and cut cabin crew roles in the U.S. and Canada since the start of the coronavirus pandemic, but has not announced large-scale permanent job losses.
The airline said on Tuesday it would put in place a further round of executive pay cuts and a second voluntary leave scheme for employees as it considered the optimum size for the business in the future.
“The infusion of new capital that we have announced today does not mean we can relax. Indeed quite the opposite,” Cathay chairman Patrick Healy said in a statement.
“It means that we must redouble our efforts to transform our business in order to become more competitive.”
(Reporting by Jamie Freed; Editing by Gerry Doyle and Stephen Coates)