U.S. airlines made money in the second quarter, beating analysts’ expectations, as they flew fuller planes and garnered higher passenger revenue.

American Airlines, which merged with US Airways in December, announced it will pay its first dividend since 1980, based on record quarterly profits.

The merged US Airways and American, which combined have more than 75 percent of the flights at Philadelphia International Airport, reported net income of $864 million, or $1.17 a share.

American announced a dividend of 10 cents a share for shareholders of record Aug. 4.

In conjunction with earnings, American and United Airlines, which reported second-quarter net income of $789 million, both announced they will buy back $1 billion in shares.

Excluding some charges, American said net profit was $1.5 billion, compared with $681 million a year earlier, before the company had merged with US Airways.

American also plans $2.8 billion in payments on debt and aircraft leases.

“It is hard to believe that less than eight months ago, American was in bankruptcy yet today we are reporting record profits, repaying debt, making additional pension contributions, and declaring dividends to shareholders,” chief executive officer Doug Parker said. “Performance like this proves we are on the right track and gives us confidence as we move forward.”

United announced it will buy back up to $1 billion in shares over the next three years. Revenue was up 3.3 percent to $10.3 billion.

United chief executive Jeff Smisek described the performance as “solid progress.” United was the only major U.S. carrier to report a loss in the first quarter.

With industry consolidation and the recent mergers of Delta and Northwest, United and Continental, Southwest and Air Tran, and American and US Airways, the remaining airlines can control capacity — the number of seats and flights — and keep air fares stable.

Southwest Airlines, Philadelphia’s second-busiest carrier, reported net income of $465 million, or 67 cents per share, which included $20 million of special charges, compared to second quarter 2013 net income of $224 million, or 31 cents a share, and included $50 million in special items. Based on the favorable earnings, management said it would award each Southwest employee a one-time $200 cash bonus.

“We had high conviction Southwest would report better-than-expected results, and they delivered all that and more,” said analyst Helane Becker of Cowen & Co. in a client note. “The outlook remains quite strong, especially on the cost side.”

JetBlue Airways, which flies to Boston from Philadelphia, announced its 17th consecutive quarter of profitability, and reported revenues of $1.5 billion during April, May and June, with net income of $61 million, up from $36 million during the same period a year ago.

“We saw improved profitability across our network, reflecting the success of ongoing efforts to adapt our products and services to meet our customers’ ever-changing needs,” said JetBlue chief executive Dave Barger.

Photo Credit: U.S. airlines reported record profits this quarter and promised dividends to shareholders. Valerie Mosley / Springfield News-Leader