Shares in Merlin Entertainments jumped more than 12 percent in debut trade on the London stock market on Friday, to value the Madame Tussauds and amusement parks operator at around 3.5 billion pounds ($5.6 billion).
The shares opened up 3.2 percent at 325 pence and hit a high of 355p before settling back to change hands for around 342p by 1210 GMT.
The private equity-backed company, the world’s second-largest visitor attractions operator behind Walt Disney Co, had originally set a range of 280p to 330p per share.
Merlin, which closed the offering early due to strong demand, said 87.5 percent of the sale had gone to institutional investors such as pension funds, while individual members of the public had received 12.5 percent of the shares.
A person familiar with the matter said the offer for 30 percent of the company was nine times oversubscribed at the offer price of 315 pence, which valued the company at 3.2 billion pounds.
“People are looking at Merlin hopefully as something which has got that relatively unique combination of a resilient underlying business that is highly cash generative, with a strong brand portfolio that is providing a very strong growth story,” Chief Executive Nick Varney told Reuters.
“That is in essence what has attracted people to Merlin.”
Individuals who applied for the minimum 1,000 pounds worth of stock received 317 shares each, while those who applied for higher amounts were allocated the 317 shares plus 55 percent of the rest of their order up to a maximum of 8,872 shares.
Lots of institutional investors who put in orders received nothing, a source close to the deal said.
The offering raised total gross proceeds of 957 million pounds for the company and its selling shareholders, prior to an over-allotment option which could see the size of the offering increased by 10 percent if there is strong demand.
The net proceeds for the company totalled 165 million pounds, which will go towards reducing debt.
Its owners, private equity firms Blackstone Group and CVC, company directors and employees and the Danish investment firm Kirkbi A/S which controls Lego Group, all reduced their holdings.
Plans to Grow
Strong equity markets this year have revived the market for new European listings, with more raised in October than any month since July 2011. French cable operator Numericable also made its market debut on Friday.
Merlin put off plans for a listing in 2010 due to jittery markets, with shareholders instead selling a 28 percent stake to CVC. That sale valued the company, whose sites attracted more than 54 million visitors in 2012, at 2.25 billion pounds.
Varney, who owned around 1 percent of the company prior to the flotation, stands to bank just under 10 million pounds from selling almost a third of his stake in the offering.
Analysts at Numis, which was not involved in the sale but estimated Merlin was worth 360p per share, said the offer price equated to a full-year 2014 EV/EBITDA multiple of 10.1 times.
That puts it at a discount to the average of UK leisure and consumer companies such as hotel and coffee shop operator Whitbread which have estimated 2014 EV/EBITDA of 12.1 times, and US theme parks such as Disney and SeaWorld which have an average forward EV/EBITDA ratio of 10.3 times.
Last month Merlin said revenue in the 35 weeks to Aug. 31 was up 11.1 percent, supported by strong like-for-like growth and the impact of new attractions.
The company plans to expand in both the United States and China next year, to include Madame Tussauds in San Francisco and Beijing. It is also in the process of developing a Legoland park in Dubai and potential sites in Japan and South Korea.
It plans to open six to seven of its short-stay visitor attractions each year and is also looking at a number of potential options to add to its five existing brands, although Varney said no acqusition was imminent.
Goldman Sachs and Barclays ran the sale and were joint bookrunners along with Citi and Morgan Stanley . Lazard acted as financial advisor to Merlin.
According to Merlin’s offer prospectus, the banks will receive a fee of 1.25 percent of the offer size as well as a possible additional 1 percent discretionary fee.
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